To help make mortgage shopping as easy as possible, here's a list of common mortgage terms and what they mean. If you have any questions relating to your specific mortgage, please ask me.
The length of time it will take to pay off the mortgage in its entirety.
Lenders require an independent assessment of the value of the home you are buying before agreeing to finance the purchase. The cost of this is typically the only cost associated with qualifying for a residential mortgage.
If you put less than 25% down, you must have Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation insurance. It insures the lender against you defaulting on your mortgage. The insurance premiums are added to your mortgage amount and vary with the size of your down-payment.
A letter outlining the amount, terms and conditions under which a lender is willing to offer a mortgage.
The ability to transfer your mortgage, including rate and terms, from your existing property to a new property.
A clause in a mortgage agreement that lets you pay off all or part of the mortgage before the maturity date.
How long a lender is willing to offer you the prevailing interest rate. Can vary from 30 to 180 days.
When your property taxes are included with your mortgage payments, your lender will hold back funds from your disbursement to cover interim or final taxes payable to the municipality. The amount depends on the month the mortgage was funded and on the dates when interim and final taxes are due. Hold backs are used to pay for the current year's taxes, while your monthly tax installments are accumulated in an account to pay for the next year's tax bills.
The length of time a mortgage has been committed for. The interest rate usually remains constant during this term unless the commitment states otherwise.
You can usually choose to make your mortgage payments once a week or once every two weeks. This accelerates the reduction of your mortgage because you are making the equivalent of one extra monthly payment per year. Reducing the outstanding balance of your mortgage at this faster rate saves you interest.